The definitive closed currency guide

A closed currency is a currency that is not freely available outside its country of origin. You must exchange your foreign currency upon arrival as there are import restrictions. You should also consider spending your remaining cash before leaving, as the restrictions on a closed currency extend to exports too.  In the event that you are caught breaching these restrictions, you could find yourself dealing with the authorities. This is something we all want to avoid at any part of our holiday so we’ve compiled this closed currency guide to help you plan your holiday.

The definitive closed currency guide

Access to Cash

Generally when you travel to a closed currency country, you can only buy the local currency on arrival from the local bureau de change, banks or hotels. For the unprepared traveller, this is an inconvenience, if not a costly approach. You could carry travellers cheques, cash or a widely recognised debit or credit card. The choice is yours but we would not recommend carrying large amounts of cash.

There are a few debit cards available with the international traveller in mind. As such, they’re charges for foreign currency transactions are less punitive than the standard card providers. Even with a debit card, you probably will still need to exchange some cash for the smaller transactions and definitely for remote fuel stops.

Often, in these closed currency countries the restrictions can lead to the creation of black markets to exchange the weaker local currency for stronger currencies such as the Euro, UK £ and US $.

We use a debit card with zero charges and in 2 years, we’ve not had a single banking charge for accessing our cash abroad or on our transactions. Do not overlook this. There are sharks out there waiting to take your holiday fund!


Read here how we access cash overseas without paying for the privilege

The Black Market

Black market currency exchange will create a situation where the unofficial exchange rate for the foreign currency, is much higher than the rate set by the banks. It is not uncommon for black market currency exchange sellers to offer you really great rates.

This might be an attractive way to make your money go further. However, be careful if you choose to exchange money with a street vendor or currency black marketeer. If you’re caught, you will find yourself dealing with the authorities.

We have met travellers that were caught trying to take out large sums of local currency and found themselves spending a night or two in jail, bribing officials, paying heavy fines, having their vehicles impounded and in one case, even being deported.


Prepare well with these essential travel documents

Words of Wisdom

Keep you money exchange receipts close to prove you exchanged through an official channel.

Where possible, avoid carrying large sums of foreign currency like Euros, $’s and £’s.

Use a debit or credit card; preferably one with no punitive foreign transaction fees.

Using your US $, UK £ or euros for transactions may also be illegal in some countries. So be cautious if you choose to pay this way.

Change only the amounts of local currency that you need. You don’t want to end up with an excess of a closed currency at the end of your visit.

A closed currency is a currency that is not freely available outside its country of origin. Check this guide to closed currency to avoid costly issues.

List of Closed Currency

For your convenience, here is a list of all closed currencies as at May 2017. Situations are changeable so please check before your travel. You can usually obtain fairly up-to-date information on currently closed currencies here. It’d be great if you could let us know of anything we’ve missed too so we can keep this closed currency guide accurate.

Albania Armenia Bahamas Cambodia
Cameroon Cuba Ethiopia Georgia
Ghana India Iran Laos
Libya Morocco Myanmar Nepal
Nigeria North Korea Samoa Sri Lanka
Sudan Tunisia Ukraine Uzbekistan
Venezuela Zimbabwe
Have you been to any of these places and used a closed currency? Is there anything we’ve missed from our guide? We’d appreciate your feedback so we can keep this guide to closed currency up-to-date. Use the comments below to share your thoughts.

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A closed currency is a currency that is not freely available outside its country of origin. Use this closed currency guide to avoid costly issues.


Photo Credit: Gopal Vijayaraghavan
Feature image: Photos of Money

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